The final aim of the programme is the achievement by the PhD students of theoretical knowledge and practical experience to do research and/or to work as scientists in areas at the interface between basic sciences, applied sciences, medicine and jurisprudence (including: criminal law, civil law, administrative law, occupational law). The first part of the programme will cover basic areas of analytical and morphological sciences with practical training in the fundamental laboratory techniques. Particular emphasis, in agreement with the research projects of each student, will be given to immunochemistry, chromatography, electrophoresis, spectrometry and spectroscopy, mass spectrometry and light and electron microscopy. In the second part of the programme, the theoretical and practical teaching will cover the application of the above mentioned methods to obtain scientific evidence to be produced in court or to be used for investigative purposes. Particular attention will be paid to the formal and substantial requirements of the scientific data to be admitted as piece of evidence in a trial. Teaching will also cover the basic knowledge of jurisprudence. Particularly for medical doctors, teaching will include medical malpractice and medical responsibility and the use of the criteria of Evidence Based Medicine.