Pubblicazioni

Residential air pollution does not modify the positive association between physical activity and lung function in current smokers in the ECRHS study  (2018)

Autori:
Fuertes, Elaine; Markevych, Iana; Jarvis, Deborah; Vienneau, Danielle; de Hoogh, Kees; Antó, Josep Maria; Bowatte, Gayan; Bono, Roberto; Corsico, Angelo G; Emtner, Margareta; Gislason, Thorarinn; Gullón, José Antonio; Heinrich, Joachim; Henderson, John; Holm, Mathias; Johannessen, Ane; Leynaert, Bénédicte; Marcon, Alessandro; Marchetti, Pierpaolo; Moratalla, Jesús Martínez; Pascual, Silvia; Probst-Hensch, Nicole; Sánchez-Ramos, José Luis; Siroux, Valerie; Sommar, Johan; Weyler, Joost; Kuenzli, Nino; Jacquemin, Bénédicte; Garcia-Aymerich, Judith
Titolo:
Residential air pollution does not modify the positive association between physical activity and lung function in current smokers in the ECRHS study
Anno:
2018
Tipologia prodotto:
Articolo in Rivista
Tipologia ANVUR:
Articolo su rivista
Lingua:
Inglese
Referee:
Nome rivista:
ENVIRONMENT INTERNATIONAL
ISSN Rivista:
0160-4120
N° Volume:
120
Intervallo pagine:
364-372
Parole chiave:
Air pollution; Cohort; Lung function; Physical activity; Smoking
Breve descrizione dei contenuti:
BACKGROUND: Very few studies have examined whether a long-term beneficial effect of physical activity on lung function can be influenced by living in polluted urban areas. OBJECTIVE: We assessed whether annual average residential concentrations of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and particulate matter with aerodynamic diameters < 2.5 μm (PM2.5) and <10 μm (PM10) modify the effect of physical activity on lung function among never- (N = 2801) and current (N = 1719) smokers in the multi-center European Community Respiratory Health Survey. METHODS: Associations between repeated assessments (at 27-57 and 39-67 years) of being physically active (physical activity: ≥2 times and ≥1 h per week) and forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) and forced vital capacity (FVC) were evaluated using adjusted mixed linear regression models. Models were conducted separately for never- and current smokers and stratified by residential long-term NO2, PM2.5 mass and PM10 mass concentrations (≤75th percentile (low/medium) versus >75th percentile (high)). RESULTS: Among current smokers, physical activity and lung function were positively associated regardless of air pollution levels. Among never-smokers, physical activity was associated with lung function in areas with low/medium NO2, PM2.5 mass and PM10 mass concentrations (e.g. mean difference in FVC between active and non-active subjects was 43.0 mL (13.6, 72.5), 49.5 mL (20.1, 78.8) and 49.7 mL (18.6, 80.7), respectively), but these associations were attenuated in high air pollution areas. Only the interaction term of physical activity and PM10 mass for FEV1 among never-smokers was significant (p-value = 0.03). CONCLUSIONS: Physical activity has beneficial effects on adult lung function in current smokers, irrespective of residential air pollution levels in Western Europe. Trends among never-smokers living in high air pollution areas are less clear.
Pagina Web:
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0160412018308377?via=ihub
Id prodotto:
104034
Handle IRIS:
11562/984459
ultima modifica:
28 novembre 2022
Citazione bibliografica:
Fuertes, Elaine; Markevych, Iana; Jarvis, Deborah; Vienneau, Danielle; de Hoogh, Kees; Antó, Josep Maria; Bowatte, Gayan; Bono, Roberto; Corsico, Angelo G; Emtner, Margareta; Gislason, Thorarinn; Gullón, José Antonio; Heinrich, Joachim; Henderson, John; Holm, Mathias; Johannessen, Ane; Leynaert, Bénédicte; Marcon, Alessandro; Marchetti, Pierpaolo; Moratalla, Jesús Martínez; Pascual, Silvia; Probst-Hensch, Nicole; Sánchez-Ramos, José Luis; Siroux, Valerie; Sommar, Johan; Weyler, Joost; Kuenzli, Nino; Jacquemin, Bénédicte; Garcia-Aymerich, Judith, Residential air pollution does not modify the positive association between physical activity and lung function in current smokers in the ECRHS study «ENVIRONMENT INTERNATIONAL» , vol. 1202018pp. 364-372

Consulta la scheda completa presente nel repository istituzionale della Ricerca di Ateneo IRIS

Progetti Collegati
Titolo Dipartimento Responsabili
Ageing Lungs in European Cohorts (ALEC) Study Dipartimento Diagnostica e Sanità Pubblica Simone Accordini
<<indietro

Attività

Strutture