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Testing the specificity of the diatom test : search for false-positives  (2011)

Authors:
Bortolotti, Federica; DEL BALZO, Giovanna; Calza, Riccardo; Valerio, Fernando; Tagliaro, Franco
Title:
Testing the specificity of the diatom test : search for false-positives
Year:
2011
Type of item:
Articolo in Rivista
Tipologia ANVUR:
Articolo su rivista
Language:
Inglese
Format:
A Stampa
Referee:
Name of journal:
MEDICINE SCIENCE AND THE LAW
ISSN of journal:
0025-8024
N° Volume:
51
Page numbers:
S7-S10
Keyword:
drowning; diatom test; diagnostic specificity
Short description of contents:
The diatom test is widely used by forensic pathologists as proof of drowning, notwithstanding some criticisms mainly concerningthe occurrence of false-positive results (presence of diatoms in the tissues of subjects who died from causes other thandrowning). The aim of the present study was to verify the claimed inaccuracy of the method caused by an excessive rate of falsepositives related to inadvertent exposure to diatoms of the general population. The study was carried out to investigate thepresence of diatoms in the tissues (lungs and sternum) of subjects who died from causes other than drowning. Two groups ofcadavers that underwent an autopsy at the Institute of Forensic Medicine of the University of Verona were included in the study.Group A comprised 45 individuals who died from causes other than drowning, whereas Group B comprised 20 bodies which hadbeen recovered from water. The extraction of the diatoms was performed by incubation of samples in nitric acid for 48 hours at608C. The analysis of the samples from Group A showed the absence of diatoms in both lung and sternum samples. In Group B alllung samples showed the presence of diatoms, whereas only six sternum samples were shown to contain diatoms. The differencebetween Groups A and B was statistically highly significant. The absence of diatoms in the samples collected from Group Afalsified the hypothesis that false-positive results from the diatom test may occur due to diatoms entering living bodies throughthe respiratory and/or digestive tracts via air, water or food, supporting the validity of the diatom test as proof of drowning.
Product ID:
65773
Handle IRIS:
11562/376611
Deposited On:
December 1, 2011
Last Modified:
June 22, 2018
Bibliographic citation:
Bortolotti, Federica; DEL BALZO, Giovanna; Calza, Riccardo; Valerio, Fernando; Tagliaro, Franco, Testing the specificity of the diatom test : search for false-positives «MEDICINE SCIENCE AND THE LAW» , vol. 512011pp. S7-S10

Consulta la scheda completa presente nel repository istituzionale della Ricerca di Ateneo IRIS

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